Whey protein concentrates are created by pushing the protein source (milk, whey, etc.) through a very small filter that allows water, minerals and other organic materials to pass though.
Meanwhile, the proteins, which are too big to pass through the filter, are collected, resulting in protein powder.
Calcium Caseinate is derived from fresh skim milk. It is comprised of 92% protein and is found in your common weight gainers for that thick taste. Casein is very very slow to digest, thus it leaves a constant flow of aminos through your blood stream long after you take it in.
Protein isolate is the purest form of protein, according to the American Dietetic Association.
It contains very little fat, carbohydrates or lactose and can be used as a daily supplement for those who do not consume the recommended amount of protein in their diet.
This is the purified form of whey protein concentrate.
Basically, the protein that is collected as protein concentrate is purified again to reduce the levels of carbohydrates and fats.
Additionally it absorbs more quickly than any other protein.
or Albumin refers to a class of proteins found in body fluids and tissues of animals, and constitutes the ‘egg white’ found in eggs.
Taurine promotes cardiovascular health, insulin sensitivity, electrolyte balance, hearing function, and immune modulation. In animal research, taurine protected against heart failure, reducing mortality by nearly 80%.
Its benefits are so broad and extensive that scientists have described taurine as “a wonder molecule.
Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Glutamine is produced in the muscles and is distributed by the blood to the organs that need it. Glutamine might help gut function, the immune system, and other essential processes in the body, especially in times of stress. It is also important for providing “fuel” (nitrogen and carbon) to many different cells in the body. Glutamine is needed to make other chemicals in the body such as other amino acids and glucose (sugar).
Maltodextrin is a white powder often used in processed foods as a thickener or filler since it’s fairly inexpensive, as well as in pharmaceuticals as a binding agent.
You’ll find it in canned fruits, snacks, cereal, desserts, instant pudding, sauces, and salad dressings.
Since it contains fewer calories than sugar, it’s also found in sugar substitutes, such as Splenda or Equal.
Sunflower oil is becoming a popular alternative to many types of oil because it is associated with health benefits including its healthy unsaturated fats and vitamin E.
Soy lecithin is not soy protein, but instead a component of the soybean plant that is used an emulsifier in a variety of foods.
The public apparently caught on that partially hydrogenated oils were unhealthy; so now the FDA requires labeling for trans fat content, BUT only if it contains more than .49 g per serving, AND only if it comes from triglycerides! Not too difficult to get around that rule…simply decrease the serving size, or disguise the trans fats somehow…
Of course, big industry doesn’t want us to know that they’re poisoning us…so, they exploited the loophole. They started using monoglycerides and diglycerides so they aren’t required to label the food as containing trans fats.
Monoglycerides and Diglycerides are still manufactured, just like partially hydrogenated oils, and they still contain dangerous trans fats. Trans fats that aren’t required to be reported on the labels. Trans fats that are still dangerous to your health. Trans fats that are causing our children to develop diabetes and heart attacks.
Potassium phosphate is used to acidify the urine and lower the urinary calcium concentration.
Potassium phosphate and sodium phosphate is in the FDA pregnancy category C.
This means that it is not known whether potassium phosphate and sodium phosphate will harm an unborn baby.
Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.
Oat fiber a great source of fiber in shakes.
Oats contain more soluble fiber than any other grain, resulting in that full and satisfied feeling longer.
The definition of natural flavor under the Code of Federal Regulations is: “the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate, or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis, which contains the flavoring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof, whose significant function in food is flavoring rather than nutritional.”
The search for “natural” sources of chemicals often requires that a manufacturer go to great lengths and expenses to obtain a given chemical. For this reason, synthetically produced flavors are frequently used in foods and beverages.
Artificial flavors have been known to cause an array of health problems such as chest pain, headaches, fatigue, nervous system depression, allergies, brain damage, seizures, nausea, dizziness and many more.
Mainly used as natural flavoring and or even coloring
Milk naturally contains calcium phosphate.
Foods such as breads, cereals and drink mixes also commonly contain calcium phosphate.
Manufacturers also frequently fortify packaged foods and drinks with calcium phosphate.
Magnesium is an element your body needs to function normally.
Magnesium oxide may be used for different reasons. Some people use it as an antacid to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion.
Magnesium oxide also may be used as a laxative for short-term, rapid emptying of the bowel (before surgery, for example).
It should not be used repeatedly. Magnesium oxide also is used as a dietary supplement when the amount of magnesium in the diet is not enough.
Dl-alpha tocophyl acetate is a form of vitamin E.
Ascorbic acid is another word for Vitamin C. Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties. Ascorbic acid works to preserve food.
Niacinamide and niacin are slightly varying forms of vitamin B3.
Vitamin B3 is naturally in many foods like fish and green vegetables and is also found in many vitamin B complex supplements.
Another name for an iron supplement.
Zinc oxide is added to many foods as a source of zinc.
Another name for vitamin B5, calcium pantothenate or pantothenic acid is a water soluble found in most food.
Manganese(II) oxide is an inorganic compound with chemical formula MnO. It forms green crystals and is odorless. Manganese(II) oxide is the simplest ionic manganese oxide. Although it is classified as a very strong base, dissolved manganese(II) oxide is non-corrosive and does not attack the skin.
Manganese gluconate is a nutritional element that combines the mineral manganese with glutamic acid. Manganese gluconate has been used as a food additive for its color and texture, as well as a nutritional supplement for its potential health benefits.
Pyridoxine is one of the compounds that can be called vitamin B6, along with pyridoxal and pyridoxamine.
Copper is an essential trace element for most plant and animal species, including man. Its deficiency is characterized by specific biochemical and pathological lesions. The customary adult daily diet provides adequate copper to prevent signs of deficiency. Both copper deficiency and chronic copper intoxication are relatively rare.
a compound of protein
Riboflavin also known as vitamin B12. This is naturally found in many foods and it is added to many protein shakes.
Thiamine hydrochloride is a white, crystalline hygroscopic food-additive used to add a brothy/meaty flavor to gravies or soups.
It is a natural intermediary resulting from a thiamine-HCl reaction, which precedes hydrolysis and phosphorylation, before it is finally employed (in the form of TPP) in a number of enzymatic amino, fatty acid, and carbohydrate reactions.
Vitamin A palmitate is the form of vitamin A found naturally in animal sources and also produced synthetically.
Folic acid is a B vitamin. It helps the body make healthy new cells.
“Folic acid” and “folate” mean the same thing.
Folate is found naturally in some foods and folic acid is a manmade form of folate.
Since 1998, folic acid has been added to most enriched bread flours, cornmeal, pasta, rice, and other grain products in the U.S. and Canada.
This was done to help prevent spina bifida and anencephaly, two birth defects that are caused in part by too little folate in a mother’s body around the time her baby is conceived.
Biotin is a water soluble vitamin and another name for vitamin H.
Biotin is associated with many health benefits including the metabolism of fats and amino acids, as well as the production of new cells.
Chromium makes the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, cholesterol and protein more efficient by increasing the effectiveness of insulin. The citrate is added as a chelating agent.
Potassium iodine is an organic compound that is commercial sold as white table salt.
Molybdenum is an essential trace element that is necessary for a variety of reactions in the body.
Amino acid chelated minerals may help make vitamins more effective. Helps enhance the immune system and acts as a powerful antioxidant.
Cyanocobalamin is a man-made form of vitamin B12 used to prevent and treat low blood levels of this vitamin. Most people get enough vitamin B12 from their diet. Vitamin B12 is important to maintain the health of your metabolism, blood cells, and nerves. Serious vitamin B12 deficiency may result in a low number of red blood cells (anemia, stomach problems, and permanent nerve damage.
Potassium is an essential nutrient we get from the food we eat. It typically comes in the form of potassium chloride.
Along with sodium, chloride, calcium, and magnesium, potassium is an electrolyte, meaning that it helps to conduct electrical charges in the body. Like all the other electrolytes, our bodies have evolved elaborate systems to control blood levels in a narrow range.
This is good news since normal levels of potassium are absolutely critical to life—if potassium levels get too high or too low, the heart and nervous system completely shut down.
The average person in the U.S. consumes 3,500 milligrams of sodium a day. That’s equivalent to almost 9 grams of salt, or nearly 2 teaspoonfuls—way more than the 2,300 milligrams per day suggested by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Although salt in moderation has not proven harmful an increasing body of evidence indicates that we should reduce the amount of salt in our diet. The American Medical Association (AMA), the American Heart Association (AHA), the American Dietetic Association (ADA), and the National Institutes of Health have begun a campaign to cut the salt intake of Americans by one-half.
Xanthan gum is a sugar-like compound made by mixing aged, or fermented, sugars with a certain kind of bacteria.
In manufacturing, xanthan gum is used as a thickening and stabilizing agent in foods.
Carrageenan are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red seaweeds. They are widely used in the food industry, for their gelling, thickening and stabilizing properties. Carrageenan can be found in many foods, even foods labeled “natural” and “organic.” It is widely used in dairy products (chocolate milk, whipping cream, ice cream, nonfat sour cream), frozen dinners, dairy alternatives (soy milk, coconut milk, almond milk), prepared poultry and cold cuts, nutritional drinks, and even infant formula.
Just Google the “dangers of Acesulfame Potassium” and your screen will light up! What is it? It is a calorie-free sugar substitute, also known as Acesulfame K or Ace K. In the U.S., it is used in such products as candies, baked goods, frozen desserts, and beverages. Here’s the problem it’s highly highly controversial, especially as of late. Reported side effects: Long term exposure to methylene chloride can cause nausea, headaches, mood problems, impairment of the liver and kidneys, problems with eyesight and possibly cancer. Because of such recent controversy towards it’s safety and side effects it’s been banned at leading retailers, the most recent being Whole Foods.
Sodium phoshates and Disodium Phosphates have trace amounts of arsenic and arsenic is known to cause cancer.
Several grocery and retail chains nationwide have banned any products containing sucralose, the latest being Whole Foods. Watchdog groups are up in arms over artificial sweeteners like sucralose suggesting research on its safety is flawed and doesn’t account for how long-term use of the additives may impact health.
What’s in it?? Sucralose is a synthetic additive created by chlorinating sugar. Manufacturers say the chlorine in sucralose is no different from that in table salt. But in fact, the chemical structure of the chlorine in sucralose is almost the same as that in the pesticide DDT. Side effects may include head and muscle aches, stomach cramps and diarrhea, bladder issues, skin irritation, dizziness and inflammation.
Further research has shown that sucralose can cause shrinking of the thymus gland, an important immune system regulator, and liver and kidney dysfunction. A recent study by Duke University found sucralose reduces healthy intestinal bacteria, needed for proper digestion.
Potassium citrate is a potassium salt of citric acid with the molecular formula C6H5K3O7. It is a white, slightly hygroscopic crystalline powder. It is odorless with a saline taste. It contains 38.3% potassium by mass.
As a food additive, potassium citrate is used to regulate acidity. Medicinally, it may be used to control kidney stones derived from either uric acid or cystine.
Beta carotene- s is a strongly-colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits. Plant carotenoids are the primary dietary source of provitamin.
One of the main products being marketed by “Body By Jake” is that of Myoplex. Their products have done well in the past, but their Myoplex blend contained a lot of fillers. We decided to take a look at their “lite” option as it may have differed from previous blends.
At first glance, the 20 grams of protein is quite high, and the nutrient blend of vitamins and minerals is also quite high compared to others. However, once you start to unravel the good components, the bad shine high including soy, corn syrup and even sucralose.
Sucralose – This form of sugar can be a potential health risk. Some companies promote this as a harmless derivative of real sugar. Some clinical reports have linked sucralose consumption with gastrointestinal problems, seizures, dizziness, migraines, blurred vision, blood sugar increases and weight gain.
Soy – Albeit inexpensive, soy is not an ideal protein source, in our opinion, as there are a lot of alternatives out there. Recent studies have linked soy proteins to thyroid issues, food allergies, danger for pregnant or nursing women, immune system problems, and much more.
Aspartame – Aspartame is usually #1 of all artificial sweeteners most dangerous list. What’s in it: Phenylalanine, aspartic acid and methanol. Besides being considered a deadly poison by many watchdog groups, aspartame actually contributes to weight gain by causing a craving for carbohydrates. A study of 80,000 women by the American Cancer Society found that those who used this neurotoxic “diet” sweetener actually gained more weight than those who didn’t use aspartame products. Other reported side effects: Headaches, fibromyalgia, anxiety, memory loss, arthritis, abdominal pain, nausea, depression, heart palpitations, irritable bowel syndrome, seizures, neurological disorders, vision problems, brain tumors and weight gain. Concerns: Phenylalanine and aspartic acid directly impact brain and central nervous system functions; evidence shows they play a role in mood disorders, memory problems and other neurological illnesses.
Corn Syrup Solids – Although this could fall into the yellow category we feel it important to point out a few things. For starters corn syrup solids are manufactured from corn syrup liquid through a process that removes 97% of the water from the liquid. The Center for Science in the Public Interest puts corn syrup and corn syrup solids on its “Cut Back” list. The CSPI says these corn syrup products are not toxic, but large amounts may be unsafe or promote bad nutrition. Corn syrup is a sweet, thick liquid that’s made by treating cornstarch with acids or enzymes.